Projects. Comprehensing information processing
In our time the majority of problems of technotronic civilization are handled using means of formal logic. The work of all technical equipment made by man including computers and the most complicated space devices is based on the laws of this logic.
However, it's in the work of computers that the principal limitations of formal logic are manifested most vividly and clearly. Logical and univocal procedures of computer programs when they find themselves in various contexts such as mutual interaction and interaction with other parts of the program or with other programs; interaction with external devices or environment; or when they have to operate in contexts appearing as a result of interaction of other contexts... start behaving unpredictably and generate unexpected results. In complex systems synergic effect inevitably manifests itself.
In all spheres of human activities systems become uncontrollable as soon as they reach a certain level of complexity. Correction of mistakes in their work leads to new mistakes. This is why there exist objective principle impediments in solution of such problems as safety of atomic power stations (Chernobyl catastrophe), safety of space flights (catastrophe of Ariane-5) resolution of complicated political conflicts and many others.
The current critical situation in the sphere of man's interaction with complex systems dictates the necessity of passing to the following stage of development of problem solution tools. But handling these problems calls for analysis of large amounts of context-interdependent information.
From the point of view of the authors it is expedient to pass from the formal logic of Plato and Aristotle (using it as basis) to the instrumental type of logic not stopping at contradictions but operating them (logic of Kant and Hegel). This becomes possible if the formal logic "procedures" are substituted for "notions" as basic elements. Having mastered instrumental use of "notions" as basic elements we obtain the ability to control the processes of formation and development of complex systems.
In this work we have undertaken an attempt to pass from operating "procedures" to operating "notions" in the sphere of information systems as an example.
Owing to it there appears a possibility to
From the point of view of the authors the future of information technologies lies right in the sphere of the logic of "notions". Based on this logic it would become possible to solve such problems as deciphering of the DNA with regard to its structural and vital contexts, switching from resource consuming to resource saving and further on to resource creating technologies, etc.
Minsk, Belarus, 2000.
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